Given the current state of its relationship with the United States, it would hardly be the worst time to show it off. Ultimately radar, rather than improved visibility, made the turret more effective. The flight engineer checks control panel from his seat.
The early, improvised attempts at bombing that characterized the early part of the war slowly gave way to a more organized and systematic approach to strategic and tactical bombing, pioneered by various air power strategists of the Entente , especially Major Hugh Trenchard ; he was the first to advocate that there should be " When the war started, bombing was very crude hand-held bombs were thrown over the side yet by the end of the war long-range bombers equipped with complex mechanical bombing computers were being built, designed to carry large loads to destroy enemy industrial targets.
This heavy bomber was unrivaled in the early stages of the war, as the Central Powers had no comparable aircraft until much later. Long range bombing raids were carried out at night by multi-engine biplanes such as the Gotha G. IV whose name was synonymous with all multi-engine German bombers and later the Handley Page Type O ; the majority of bombing was done by single-engined biplanes with one or two crew members flying short distances to attack enemy lines and immediate hinterland.
As the effectiveness of a bomber was dependent on the weight and accuracy of its bomb load, ever larger bombers were developed starting in World War I, while considerable money was spent developing suitable bombsights. With engine power as a major limitation, combined with the desire for accuracy and other operational factors, bomber designs tended to be tailored to specific roles.
By the start of the war this included:. Bombers are not intended to attack other aircraft although most were fitted with defensive weapons. World War II saw the beginning of the widespread use of high speed bombers which dispensed with defensive weapons to be able to attain higher speed, such as with the de Havilland Mosquito , a philosophy that continued with many Cold War bombers. Some smaller designs have been used as the basis for night fighters , and a number of fighters, such as the Hawker Hurricane were used as ground attack aircraft, replacing earlier conventional light bombers that proved unable to defend themselves while carrying a useful bomb load.
At the start of the Cold War, bombers were the only means of carrying nuclear weapons to enemy targets, and had the role of deterrence. With the advent of guided air-to-air missiles, bombers needed to avoid interception.
High-speed and high-altitude flying became a means of evading detection and attack. Designs such as the English Electric Canberra could fly faster or higher than contemporary fighters. When surface-to-air missiles became capable of hitting high-flying bombers, bombers were flown at low altitudes to evade radar detection and interception.
Once "stand off" nuclear weapon designs were developed, bombers did not need to pass over the target to make an attack; they could fire and turn away to escape the blast. Nuclear strike aircraft were generally finished in bare metal or anti-flash white to minimize absorption of thermal radiation from the flash of a nuclear explosion. The need to drop conventional bombs remained in conflicts with non-nuclear powers, such as the Vietnam War or Malayan Emergency.
The development of large strategic bombers stagnated in the later part of the Cold War because of spiraling costs and the development of the Intercontinental ballistic missile ICBM — which was felt to have similar deterrent value while being impossible to intercept. Because of this, the United States Air Force XB Valkyrie program was cancelled in the early s; the later B-1B Lancer and B-2 Spirit aircraft entered service only after protracted political and development problems.
Their high cost meant that few were built and the s-designed Bs are projected to remain in use until the s. Similarly, the Soviet Union used the intermediate-range TuM 'Backfire'in the s, but their Mach 3 bomber project stalled.
The Mach 2 Tu 'Blackjack' was built only in tiny numbers, leaving the s Tupolev Tu and Tu 'Bear' heavy bombers to continue being used into the 21st century. The British strategic bombing force largely came to an end when the V bomber force was phased out; the last of which left service in The only other nation that fields strategic bombing forces is China , which has a number of Xian H-6s. At present, the U. A USAF report calls for the US bomber fleet to remain in service until the late s-early s, and the B is scheduled to reach deployment in the s.
The B, however, required to provide an answer to the fifth generation defense systems such as SA Growlers , bistatic radar and active electronically scanned array radar.
Also, it has been chosen to be able to stand against rising superpowers and other countries with semi-advanced military capability.
Finally, a third reason is the role of long-term air support for areas with a low threat level Iraq, Afghanistan , the latter referred to as close air support for the global war on terror CAS for GWOT. The B would thus be able to stay for extended periods on a same location called persistence. Occasionally, military aircraft have been used to bomb ice jams with limited success as part of an effort to clear them.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bomber disambiguation. Carpet bombing and Strategic bomber. A German He bomber. How an Italian pilot began the air war era". A Box of Sand. The Italo-Ottoman War Wagner Uscg Ret , Arthur H. Braxton, Ltcol Leon E. A new version of the CJ with a reduced radar signature may also be in the works.
With the H, the country would have its own so-called " nuclear triad ," consisting of ground-based intercontinental ballistic missiles , submarine-launched ballistic missiles , and the long-range nuclear-capable bombers. The Chinese government has already been taking a more hard-line stance to assert its control over the South China Sea, with one of its warships sailing dangerously close to an American Arleigh Burke -class destroyer near Gaven Reefs in September If nothing else, if the H finally does emerge and appears to be quite advanced, it could send shockwaves throughout the U.
Depending on its exact features, it may also once again raise concerns about the extent of Chinese efforts to steal critical technical information about some of the United States' most advanced weapons. The stealthy H could be useful for possible operations against regional opponents, such as India. The aircraft could penetrate through hostile air defenses to neutralize high priority targets, such as airfields and command and control facilities during a large-scale conventional conflict.
They could also simply neutralize air defense nodes in order to clear a path for follow-on strikes by less well-protected aircraft, including China's H-6s. The PLAAF is likely to continue operating both bombers for the foreseeable future, much in the same way the United States expects to retain the versatile B even as it begins flying the new B Raider stealth bomber in the future.
The older H-6s will still be able to perform important roles in lower risk environments and be able to serve as launch platforms for new, longer-range weapons that will help keep them further away from enemy threats, including air-launched ballistic missiles. Gaven Reefs is home to one of numerous Chinese man-made military outposts in the region, as well.
China has steadily increased the defenses at these facilities, to include long-range surface-to-air missiles and shore-based anti-ship missiles, which would present further obstacles for its opponents during any future conflict. In May , the PLAAF also deployed H-6 bombers to an airfield on Woody Island for the first time ever , showing its ability to operate large aircraft from that site and further demonstrating the ability of these bases to provide significant air support for Chinese forces in the area.
We will not stand down. Revealing the H now, or otherwise allowing images or video of it to emerge, would be well in line with other government developments that are clearly, at least in part, intended to dissuade countries such as the United States from interfering in areas such as the South China Sea.
Most notably, in January , images appeared online showing what China later confirmed was an experimental naval railgun , another potentially game-changing development. Those images were not official, but the Chinese government clearly deliberately allowed the ship to be in a place where it knew bystanders would see it and then likely share the images on social media, if they were not more directly responsible for the "leaks" themselves.
There have since been more official and quasi-official revelations about Chinese work on advanced manned and unmanned aircraft , hypersonic weapons , and anti-satellite systems , among others. With all this in mind, it is also possible that the Chinese government has allowed official media to highlight the H to further emphasize its growing military capabilities, regardless of the actual progress of the development of the aircraft. If China has indeed been working on the H for close to two decades, it is very possible that they are close to having a flying prototype.
Given the current state of its relationship with the United States, it would hardly be the worst time to show it off.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets, or Aircrafts: Junkers Ju 86, Dornier Do 24, Petlyakov Pe-2, Lockheed Hudson, Arado Ar EAA's Flight Advisors program is designed to increase sport aviation safety by developing a corps of volunteers who have demonstrated expertise in specific areas of flying and making them available to EAA members who may be preparing to fly an unfamiliar aircraft. A Flight Experience on the B Flying Fortress, the B Liberator, or B Mitchell is a 30 minute (start-up to shut-down) experience in flight aboard the aircraft at .